Easily logo Printing with Non-Woven PP Shopping Bags

Polypropylene nonwoven is supported by the textile world. What gives this material versatility and low cost. Is it really green? It is a recyclable material used to make bags of quality, low cost along with printing logos.

Non-woven polypropylene bags make great promotional products because the non woven material is easy to color, which gives companies a large number of color choices. They are also very affordable, and easy to print on. People will use these bags, which is another reason they are good for a promotional product campaign. Rather than using a redundant element that most people will throw away, reusable shopping bags with printed business logos will give companies greater exposure. Consumers welcome the companies that are environmentally conscious.

So what exactly is Polypropylene Non Woven Fabric? Let’s start by explaining what it means to have a woven fabric. Cotton, which is a natural fiber growth is spun together for very long pieces. These long pieces are placed one above the other as basket weaving. Hence the expression of “woven.” So when a substance is considered non-woven, it just means that it is not made of laced strands on the other. Instead, non-woven fabric is made from a type of plastic and pressed very thin in terms of substance.

Now, what is non woven polypropylene? This is a plastic polymer, whose chemical composition is C3H6. The advantages of this type of plastic is the high melting point, compared with many other plastics. This gives the material a washable feature and provides heat to melt the ink and transfers heat to the fabric for logo printing. Polypropylene can also be easily dyed, which explains why this material is very popular for making reusable shopping bags.

Sunshine is professional non woven manufacturer, if any need, welcome to contact us.

About Nonwovens

About Nonwovens

What is Nonwoven Fabric?

Nonwoven fabrics are broadly defined as sheet or web structures bonded together by entangling fiber or filaments (and by perforating films) mechanically, thermally, or chemically. They are flat, porous sheets that are made directly from separate fibers or from molten plastic or plastic film. They are not made by weaving or knitting and do not require converting the fibers to yarn.

Sunshine Nonwovens! Video

How is Nonwoven Fabric used?

Beyond simple definitions, these engineered fabrics open up a world of innovative possibilities for all types of industries.

Nonwovens may be a limited-life, single-use fabric or a very durable fabric. Nonwoven fabrics provide specific functions such as absorbency, liquid repellency, resilience, stretch, softness, strength, flame retardancy, washability, cushioning, filtering, bacterial barriers and sterility. These properties are often combined to create fabrics suited for specific jobs while achieving a good balance between product use-life and cost. They can mimic the appearance, texture and strength of a woven fabric, and can be as bulky as the thickest paddings.

Following are just a few of the properties that can be attained using nonwoven fabrics:

  • Absorbency
  • Bacterial barrier
  • Cushioning
  • Filtering
  • Flame retardancy
  • Liquid repellency
  • Resilience
  • Softness
  • Sterility
  • Strength
  • Stretch
  • Washability

Today, innovations in nonwoven fabrics are growing as rapidly as the demand for them, with almost unlimited possibilities for a wide variety of industries, including:

  • Agricultural coverings
  • Agricultural seed strips
  • Apparel linings
  • Automotive headliners
  • Automotive upholstery
  • Carpeting
  • Civil engineering fabrics
  • Civil engineering geotextiles
  • Disposable diapers
  • Envelopes
  • Filters
  • House wraps
  • Household & personal wipes
  • Hygiene products
  • Insulation
  • Labels
  • Laundry aids
  • Roofing
  • Sterile medical-use products
  • Tags
  • Upholstery
  • Wall coverings


Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving Day is a communal celebration marked as a sense of gratitude people feel for all the good things in life. This is done by offering prayers, gifting your near and dear ones. The fourth Thursday in the month of November is marked for the yearly celebration.

When is Thanksgiving Day?

Date of Thanksgiving Day varies every year and several countries celebrate it in different time of the year. Given here is information on Thanksgiving Day date in US and Canada for the past, present and coming years.

When is Thanksgiving Day in US?
Thanksgiving Day finds its roots in America. It is celebrated with lot of fervor and euphoria on the fourth Thursday in the month of November. For the people in US Thanksgiving is a time for merrymaking, shopping, family reunion, feasts and family dinners. People also take time to thank God for his constant grace and for all the material possessions man enjoys. For many Thanksgiving is also the time to thank near and dear ones and being grateful for their kindness.

Thanksgiving Day in 2012 – November 25
Thanksgiving Day in 2009 – November 26
Thanksgiving Day in 2008 – November 27
Thanksgiving Day in 2007 – November 22
Thanksgiving Day in 2006 – November 23

When is Thanksgiving Day in Canada?
Thanksgiving Day in Canada is, however, celebrated on the second Monday in the month of October every year. Canada celebrates Thanksgiving Day a month earlier because autumn season starts early in Canada than in America.

Thanksgiving Day in 2012- October 11
Thanksgiving Day in 2009 – October 12
Thanksgiving Day in 2008 – October 13
Thanksgiving Day in 2007 – October 8
Thanksgiving Day in 2006 – October 9

Thanksgiving Day Around the World

Thanksgiving is essentially a harvest related festival. It celebrates communal harmony. Though it is said to have been originated in America, a number of other countries celebrate harvest related festivals. They are observed with different names and in different seasons.

Harvest related festivals, all the over the world are characterized with lot of fun and merrymaking. Each region has its unique customs and traditions to jubilate the occasion.

Canada celebrates thanksgiving on the second Monday in the month of October. India also has a number of harvest related festivals in different regions. Popular regional festivals are Pongal, Baisakhi, Lohri, Onam etc. Though the underlying principle behind each of them is same, every festival is exclusive and different from the other.

Other Asian countries such as China, Malaysia, Korea celebrate the festival on different dates. Each festival has a folklore attached to it. Harmony, peace, feeling gratitude is the underlying theme of the celebration all over.

Sunshine nonwoven company Warm wishes at Thanksgiving!


History of Halloween

History of Halloween

Halloween is a holiday celebrated on the night of October 31.  The word Halloween is a shortening of All Hallows Evening also known as Hallowe’en or All Hallows’ Eve.

Traditional activities include trick-or-treating, bonfires, costume parties, visiting “haunted houses” and carving jack-o-lanterns. Irish and Scottish immigrants carried versions of the tradition to North America in the nineteenth century. Other western countries embraced the holiday in the late twentieth century including Ireland, the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico and the United Kingdom as well as of Australia and New Zealand.

Halloween has its origins in the ancient Celtic festival known as Samhain (pronounced “sah-win”).
The festival of Samhain is a celebration of the end of the harvest season in Gaelic culture. Samhain was a time used by the ancient pagans to take stock of supplies and prepare for winter. The ancient Gaels believed that on October 31, the boundaries between the worlds of the living and the dead overlapped and the deceased would come back to life and cause havoc such as sickness or damaged crops.

The festival would frequently involve bonfires. It is believed that the fires attracted insects to the area which attracted bats to the area. These are additional attributes of the history of Halloween.

Masks and costumes were worn in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or appease them.

Trick-or-treating, is an activity for children on or around Halloween in which they proceed from house to house in costumes, asking for treats such as confectionery with the question, “Trick or treat?” The “trick” part of “trick or treat” is a threat to play a trick on the homeowner or his property if no treat is given. Trick-or-treating is one of the main traditions of Halloween. It has become socially expected that if one lives in a neighborhood with children one should purchase treats in preparation for trick-or-treaters.

The history of Halloween has evolved.  The activity is popular in the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, and due to increased American cultural influence in recent years, imported through exposure to US television and other media, trick-or-treating has started to occur among children in many parts of Europe, and in the Saudi Aramco camps of Dhahran, Akaria compounds and Ras Tanura in Saudi Arabia. The most significant growth and resistance is in the United Kingdom, where the police have threatened to prosecute parents who allow their children to carry out the “trick” element. In continental Europe, where the commerce-driven importation of Halloween is seen with more skepticism, numerous destructive or illegal “tricks” and police warnings have further raised suspicion about this game and Halloween in general.

In Ohio, Iowa, and Massachusetts, the night designated for Trick-or-treating is often referred to as Beggars Night.

Part of the history of Halloween  is Halloween costumes. The practice of dressing up in costumes and begging door to door for treats on holidays goes back to the Middle Ages, and includes Christmas wassailing. Trick-or-treating resembles the late medieval practice of “souling,” when poor folk would go door to door on Hallowmas (November 1), receiving food in return for prayers for the dead on All Souls Day (November 2). It originated in Ireland and Britain, although similar practices for the souls of the dead were found as far south as Italy. Shakespeare mentions the practice in his comedy The Two Gentlemen of Verona (1593), when Speed accuses his master of “puling [whimpering, whining], like a beggar at Hallowmas.”

Yet there is no evidence that souling was ever practiced in America, and trick-or-treating may have developed in America independent of any Irish or British antecedent. There is little primary Halloween history documentation of masking or costuming on Halloween in Ireland, the UK, or America  before 1900. The earliest known reference to ritual begging on Halloween in English speaking North America occurs in 1911, when a newspaper in Kingston, Ontario, near the border of upstate New York, reported that it was normal for the smaller children to go street guising (see below) on Halloween between 6 and 7 p.m., visiting shops and neighbors to be rewarded with nuts and candies for their rhymes and songs. Another isolated reference appears, place unknown, in 1915, with a third reference in Chicago in 1920. The thousands of Halloween postcards produced between the turn of the 20th century and the 1920s commonly show children but do not depict trick-or-treating. Ruth Edna Kelley, in her 1919 history of the holiday, The Book of Hallowe’en, makes no mention of such a custom in the chapter “Hallowe’en in America.” It does not seem to have become a widespread practice until the 1930s, with the earliest known uses in print of the term “trick or treat” appearing in 1934, and the first use in a national publication occurring in 1939. Thus, although a quarter million Scots-Irish immigrated to America between 1717 and 1770, the Irish Potato Famine brought almost a million immigrants in 1845,1849, and British and Irish immigration to America peaked in the 1880s, ritualized begging on Halloween was virtually unknown in America until generations later.

Trick-or-treating spread from the western United States eastward, stalled by sugar rationing that began in April 1942 during World War II and did not end until June 1947.

Early national attention to trick-or-treating was given in October 1947 issues of the children’s magazines Jack and Jill and Children’s Activities, and by Halloween episodes of the network radio programs The Baby Snooks Show in 1946 and The Jack Benny Show and The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet in 1948. The custom had become firmly established in popular culture by 1952, when Walt Disney portrayed it in the cartoon Trick or Treat, Ozzie and Harriet were besieged by trick-or-treaters on an episode of their television show, and UNICEF first conducted a national campaign for children to raise funds for the charity while trick-or-treating.


Trick-or-treating on the prairie. Although some popular histories of Halloween have characterized trick-or-treating as an adult invention to re-channel Halloween activities away from vandalism, nothing in the historical record supports this theory. To the contrary, adults, as reported in newspapers from the mid-1930s to the mid-1950s, typically saw it as a form of extortion, with reactions ranging from bemused indulgence to anger. Likewise, as portrayed on radio shows, children would have to explain what trick-or-treating was to puzzled adults, and not the other way around. Sometimes even the children protested: for Halloween 1948, members of the Madison Square Boys Club in New York City carried a parade banner that read “American Boys Don’t Beg.”

How to produce Nonwovens

How to produce Nonwovens

Nonwovens emerged from the textile, paper, plastic and leather industries and a separate, innovative and completely flexible industry has evolved.

As the demand for nonwovens has steadily increased, it has been met by the technology and ingenuity of raw materials and equipment suppliers, and nonwoven producers and converters.

A precise definition of nonwovens is that adopted by the International Standards Organisation – ISO 9092:1988 and by the European Committee for Normalisation (CEN) – EN 29092.

The production of nonwovens can be described as taking place in three stages, although modern technology allows an overlapping of the stages, and in some cases all three stages can take place at the same time.

The three stages are:

  • Web Formation
  • Web Bonding
  • Finishing Treatments

The opportunity to combine different raw materials and different techniques accounts for the diversity of the industry and its products. This diversity is enhanced by the ability to engineer nonwovens to have specific properties and to perform specific tasks.

Web Formation


Nonwoven manufacture starts by the arrangement of fibres in a sheet or web. The fibres can be staple fibres packed in bales, or filaments extruded from molten polymer granules.

Four basic methods are used to form a web, and nonwovens are usually referred to by one of these methods:

  • Drylaid
  • Spunlaid
  • Wetlaid
  • Other techniques


There are two methods of drylaying:

  • carding
  • airlaying

Carding is a mechanical process which starts with the opening of bales of fibres which are blended and conveyed to the next stage by air transport. They are then combed into a web by a carding machine, which is a rotating drum or series of drums covered in fine wires or teeth. The precise configuration of cards will depend on the fabric weight and fibre orientation required. The web can be parallel-laid, where most of the fibres are laid in the direction of the web travel, or they can be random-laid. Typical parallel-laid carded webs result in good tensile strength, low elongation and low tear strength in the machine direction and the reverse in the cross direction. Relative speeds and web composition can be varied to produce a wide range of properties.

In airlaying, the fibres, which can be very short, are fed into an air stream and from there to a moving belt or perforated drum, where they form a randomly oriented web. Compared with carded webs, airlaid webs have a lower density, a greater softness and an absence of laminar structure. Airlaid webs offer great versatility in terms of the fibres and fibre blends that can be used.


In this process polymer granules are melted and molten polymer is extruded through spinnerets. The continuous filaments are cooled and deposited on to a conveyor to form a uniform web. Some remaining temperature can cause filaments to adhere to one another, but this cannot be regarded as the principal method of bonding. The spunlaid process (sometimes known as spunbonded) has the advantage of giving nonwovens greater strength, but raw material flexibility is more restricted.

Co-extrusion of second components is used in several spunlaid processes, usually to provide extra properties or bonding capabilities.


A dilute slurry of water and fibres is deposited on a moving wire screen and drained to form a web. The web is further dewatered, consolidated, by pressing between rollers, and dried. Impregnation with binders is often included in a later stage of the process.

Wetlaid web-forming allows a wide range of fibre orientations ranging from near random to near parallel. The strength of the random oriented web is rather similar in all directions in the plane of the fabric. A wide range of natural, mineral, synthetic and man-made fibres of varying lengths can be used.

Other techniques

This includes a group of specialised technologies, in which the fibre production, web structure and bonding usually occur at the same time and in the same place.

In meltblown web formation, low viscosity polymers are extruded into a high velocity airstream on leaving the spinneret. This scatters the melt, solidifies it and breaks it up into a fibrous web.

Flash spun webs are made by dissolving a polymer in a suitable solvent and then spraying it into a vessel held at reduced pressure. The solvent evaporates, or flashes off, leaving a cloud of fibres, which are collected and bonded. Other variants of in situ web forming techniques include different methods of fibrillation and the use of complex rotating dies.

Processes are emerging where two or more web forming techniques are used in tandem. The spunlaid/meltblown process is an example, where one or more meltblown webs and spunlaid webs are combined.

Web Bonding


Webs, other than spunlaid, have little strength in their unbonded form. The web must therefore be consolidated in some way. This is effected by bonding, a vital step in the production of nonwovens. The choice of method is at least as important to ultimate functional properties as the type of fibre in the web.

There are three basic types of bonding:

  • Chemical
  • Thermal
  • Mechanical

Chemical bonding (adhesion bonding)

Chemical bonding mainly refers to the application of a liquid based bonding agent to the web. Three groups of materials are commonly used as binders-acrylate polymers and copolymers, styrene-butadiene copolymers and vinyl acetate ethylene copolymers. Water based binder systems are the most widely used but powdered adhesives, foam and in some cases organic solvent solutions are also found.

There are many ways of applying the binder. It can be applied uniformly by impregnating, coating or spraying or intermittently, as in print bonding. Print bonding is used when specific patterns are required and where it is necessary to have the majority of fibres free of binder for functional reasons.

Thermal bonding (cohesion bonding)

This method uses the thermoplastic properties of certain synthetic fibres to form bonds under controlled heating. In some cases the web fibre itself can be used, but more often a low melt fibre or bicomponent fibre is introduced at the web formation stage to perform the binding function later in the process.

There are several thermal bonding systems in use:

Calendering uses heat and high pressure applied through rollers to weld the fibre webs together at speed.

Through-air thermal bonding makes bulkier products by the overall bonding of a web containing low melting fibres. This takes place in a carefully controlled hot air stream.

Drum and blanket systems apply pressure and heat to make products of average bulk.

Sonic bonding takes place when the molecules of the fibres held under a patterned roller are excited by high frequency energy which produces internal heating and softening of the fibres.

Mechanical bonding (friction bonding)

In mechanical bonding the strengthening of the web is achieved by inter-fibre friction as a result of the physical entanglement of the fibres.

There are two types of mechanical bonding:

  • needlepunching
  • hydro-entanglement

Needlepunching can be used on most fibre types. Specially designed needles are pushed and pulled through the web to entangle the fibres. Webs of different characteristics can be needled together to produce a gradation of properties difficult to achieve by other means.

Hydroentanglement is mainly applied to carded or wetlaid webs and uses fine, high pressure jets of water to cause the fibres to interlace. Hydroentanglement is sometimes known as spunlacing, as the arrangement of jets can give a wide variety of aesthetically pleasing effects. The water jet pressure used has a direct bearing on the strength of the web, but system design also plays a part.

Finishing Treatments


There is an opportunity to meet the needs of the customer even more precisely by modifying or adding to existing properties. A variety of different chemical substances can be employed before or after binding, or various mechanical processes can be applied to the nonwoven after binding.

Nonwovens can be made conductive, flame retardant, water repellent, porous, antistatic, breathable, absorbent and so on – the list is a very long one. They can also, for example, be coated, printed, flocked or dyed, and can be combined with other materials to form complex laminates.



The nonwoven fabric is now complete and in a roll. Converters can take it a stage nearer its final form by slitting, cutting, folding, sewing or heat sealing.

In this way, the quality, properties and size of the converted nonwoven products can be further tailored to the precise needs of the customer, and the tasks to be performed in an impressively broad range of end-uses.

Sunshine Nonwoven Company Congratulate On The Landon Olympics Games was concluded satisfactorily

Sunshine Nonwoven Company Congratulate The Landon Olympics Games was concluded satisfactorily

Overall Medal Count


US 46 29 29 104
China 38 27 22 87
Britain 29 17 19 65
Russia 24 25 33 82
Republic of Korea 13 8 7 28
Germany 11 19 14 44
France 11 11 12 34
Italy 8 9 11 28
Hungary 8 4 5 17
Australia 7 16 12 35
Japan 7 14 17 38
Kazakhstan 7 1 5 13
Netherlands 6 6 8 20
Ukraine 6 5 9 20
Cuba 5 3 6 14
New Zealand 5 3 5 13
Iran 4 5 3 12
Jamaica 4 4 4 12
Czech Republic 4 3 3 10
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 4 0 2 6
Spain 3 10 4 17
Brazil 3 5 9 17
Belarus 3 5 5 13
South Africa 3 2 1 6
Ethiopia 3 1 3 7
Croatia 3 1 2 6
Romania 2 5 2 9
Kenya 2 4 5 11
Denmark 2 4 3 9
Poland 2 2 6 10


LONDON – For the tens of thousands of athletes, who had shed tears and sweat to get to London, the Olympic Games are over and now it’s time to party.

International Olympic Committee President Jacques Rogge closed the London Olympics over with praise for the athletes.

“Through your commitment to fair play, your respect for opponents, and your grace in defeat as well as in victory, you have earned the right to be called Olympians,” he said, adding: “These were happy and glorious Games.”

Fireworks explode over the Olympic Stadium during the closing ceremony of the London 2012 Olympic Games, Aug 12, 2012. [Photo/Agencies]


From Ray Davies, George Michael to the Spice Girls, London has called on Britain’s most successful musicians to the weekend party to celebrate the end of 16 days of competition and exuberance.

The show, “A Symphony of British Music”, included performances of 30 British hit singles from the past five decades – whittled by artistic director Kim Gavin from a pool of 1,000 songs.

The London 2012, described by the organizer as “an athletes’ Games”, attracted 10,490 athletes from 204 countries and regions. A total of 44 world records and 117 Olympic records have been set at the games.

The host nation won a record 29 gold medals – Britain’s best performance in more than a century – finishing third in golds. The United States beat China in both the number of gold medals and total medals, recapturing the top position it lost four years ago.

The Games witnessed the sensational moment when Jamaica’s sprinter Usian Bolt smashed the world record, becoming the first athlete to win both the 100m and 200m in consecutive Games.

It also witnessed the tears when American swimmer Michael Phelps announced his retirement after becoming the most decorated Olympian with a total of 22 Olympic medals, out of which four gold medals and two silvers were won in London.

Britain’s Chris Hoy, competing in his fourth Games, grabbed two golds of the cycling track race in London. Hoy’s tears as he received his sixth gold medal were described by Rogge as a “defining image” of the Games.

For millions of Chinese, London also saw the heartbreaking moment as China’s hurdler Liu Xiang limped down the track toward the finish line.

Four years ago after an Achilles injury denied Liu the chance of defending his Olympic 110m hurdles title in Beijing, tragedy struck again in London as the 2004 champion crashed into the first obstacle and fell to the track in his opening heat.

A new generation of heroes also step into the spotlight in London.

Chinese swimmer Sun Yang broke his own world record to make it a golden double at the London Olympics. British distance runner Mo Farah became a national treasure by sweeping the 5,000-meter and 10,000-meter races.

And then there was Oscar Pistorious, the double-amputee from South Africa running on carbon-fiber blades. And sprinter Manteo Mitchell, who completed his leg of the 4×400 relay semifinal on a broken leg, allowing his team to qualify and win silver.

The Games were prepared during difficult economic times. While trying to control the spending, the organizers had hoped the Games could create opportunities for the young and help boost the country’s economy.

Boris Johnson, Mayor of London, said the legacy of the Games for London goes way beyond sport.

“Olympic investment has kickstarted the transformational renaissance in east London, bringing new jobs and new homes to the communities where they are most needed,” Johnson said.

As the celebration came to an end, Johnson handed over the Olympic flag to Mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Eduardo Paes. The handover marks the first time a South American country will host the Olympic Games.

As the Brazilian anthem was played and the Brazilian flag was raised, the search for Rio 2016′s heroes began.

A flaming phoenix flies above the Olympic flame during the closing ceremony of the London 2012 Olympic Games at the Olympic Stadium, Aug 12, 2012. [Photo/Agencies]

Eid-Ul-Fitr History

Eid-Ul-Fitr History

Ramadan, the month of fasting for Muslims last for 29 to 30 days. The end of the Ramadan marks the beginning of the Eid-Ul-Fitr. Eid occurs on the first day of the Shawwal, the tenth month of Islamic calendar. According to the history of Islam and traditions
on the last day of Ramadan after sunset, people start sighting the crescent moon. As soon as the moon (hilal) is spotted the celebrations for the Eid-ul-fitr begins for all the Muslims.
Importance Of Eid-ul-Fitr
Ramadan is said to be the holy month of Muslims, it is believed that holy book Quran was revealed to prophet Muhammad during this month. It is believed that during this month the gates of hell are closed and the gates of heaven are open.
It is also believed that Ramadan is Allah own month. Another event which took place during the month of Ramadan was the battle of Badr, the battle between the inhabitants of Mecca and Medina. It the month to thank Allah for that he has given to human being. So thereby saying no to food, drink, smoking and sexual activities during daylight all the Muslims devote themselves to pray to Allah. Once the crescent moon is sighted it the time to break the fast and get over with the Ramadan month and celebrate Eid-Ul-Fitr.
Once the crescent moon is sighted, the Ramadan month comes to an end and its now the time for celebrations for the Muslims. Eid-Ul-Fitr means to break the fast. Eid is the time to spread happiness, love, and triumph thereby creating enthusiasm among all the family members. On the Eid day all the Muslims wear new clothes and go for special Eid Prayer ceremonies in their near by mosque to thank Allah by reciting various prayers and Eid-Ul-Fitr Dua. After the prayers there is a get together at Muslims house for an Eid meal and to celebrate the occasion together. Muslim children have a joyful Eid Celebration as they get clothes, gifts, perks, and sweets from all their relatives. Children also make special Eid greetings for their Friends and decorate their houses in their special ways to enhance the beauty of the Eid Festival. Muslims greet each other by wishing Eid Mubarak to each other, which means Happy Eid!!

Ramadan Schedule 2012

Ramadan, one of the holiest celebrations of the Islamic community is observed throughout the 9th month of the Islamic calendar. Ramadan in 2012 will be celebrated throughout the world from August 1 to August 30. 

 The timetable for Ramadan usually varies from one country to another. Also, the Ramadan schedule in one state or city will be different from that of another in a certain country. The Islamic calendar being lunar, the months migrate throughout the seasons and shift backward around 2 weeks every year. So, in your lifetime, you may celebrate Ramadan sometimes in mid-summer and sometimes in winter. The fact is that the date of Ramadan shifts based on when people on earth can view the new moon.

About Eid Festival

About Eid

Coming with the new moon, the festival marks the end of ‘Ramadan’ – a month when Muslims fast throughout the day and eat only at night Prayers, feasts and family get- together are the major highlights of the eid ul fitr celebrations. It was during this month that the holy Koran was revealed. Eid means recurring happiness or festivity. Eid is celebrated in India with much enthusiasm and fervor and Muslims from all strata of life can be seen adorned in beautiful new clothes, visiting the mosques to attend Salatul Eid (Eid prayers). Greetings of “Eid-Mubarak” or “a blessed Eid” are exchanged.

A very important aspect of eid is the charity, which all the Muslims are expected to extend to the needy. Earlier, this was in the form of gifts in kind but now cash is given to the needy. The first Eid of the year is known as “Eid Ul Fitr”. Ul Fitr literally means breaking of fast. Thus Eid Ul Fitr is celebrated on the first day of Shawaal, the tenth month in the Muslim calendar, to mark the end of a month long fast during the month of Ramadan.

 As the third “pillar” or religious obligation of Islam, fasting has many special benefits. Among these, the most important is that it is a means of learning self-control. Due to the lack of preoccupation with the satisfaction of bodily appetites during the daylight hours of fasting, a measure of ascendancy is given to one’s spiritual nature, which becomes a means of coming closer to Allah. Ramadan is also a time of concentrated worship, reading of the Quran, purifying one’s behavior, giving charity and doing virtuous deeds.

The secondary objective of fasting is a way of experiencing hunger and developing compassion for the less fortunate, and learn to be thankful and appreciative for all of God’s bounties. Fasting is also advantageous to the health and provides a break in the cycle of rigid habits.

Eid Ul Fitr is a day of joy and thanksgiving. On this day, Muslims show their joy for the health, strength and opportunities of life, which Allah has given them to fulfill their obligations of fasting and other good deeds during the month of Ramadan. It is considered unholy to fast on this day. It is also a day of forgetting old grudges and ill feelings towards other fellow men. The second important Eid celebration is called “Eid Ul-Adha”.

Although only the pilgrims in Makkah can participate in the Hajj fully, all the other Muslims in the world join with them by celebrating Eid Ul-Adha, or “Celebration of Sacrifice.” On the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic calendar, Muslims around the world celebrate this feast of commitment, obedience and self-sacrifice to Allah. They wear their nicest clothing and attend Salatul-Eid (Eid Prayer) in the morning. This is followed by a short sermon, after which everyone socializes. Next, people visit each other’s homes and partake in festive meals with special dishes, beverages, and desserts. Children receive gifts and sweets on this happy occasion. In addition, like the pilgrims in Makkah, the Muslims, who can afford to do so, offer domestic animals, usually sheep, as a symbol of Ibrahim’s (PBUH) sacrifice.

The meat is distributed for consumption to family, friends, and to the poor and needy. Prayers are offered in mosques and Idgahs and elaborate festivities are held.

Eid e milad is also popularly known as Mawlid, the birth of the Prophet.� It is derived from the Arabic word, meaning to give birth, or descendant. It is the third biggest of all other Eids. The day is celebrated by the Muslim families across the world to observe the birthday of the beloved Islamic prophet Muhammad. On this sacrosanct day Almighty Allah sent his most praised Holy Prophet in this world to be the source of help and happiness and guide the humanity towards the path of light and follow ultimate truth. Sunnis observe the day on the 12th of the month and Shias on the 17th of the month, which coincides with the birth date of their sixth Imam, Ja’far al-Sadiq. Prophet Muhammad was born in the city of Mecca on the 12th day of Rabi-ul-Awwal, which falls on the third month in the Islamic calendar. Its date varies as the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar.

Flexing with Innovation In Nonwoven Fibers

In nonwovens, there seems to be two things on everyone’s minds—costs and environmental impact of the final product—and fiber suppliers are addressing both of these issues with a range of new products.When it comes to costs, fiber suppliers are generally guided by the economic principles of supply and demand. This dependence rocked the cotton market last year when lower supply could not keep up with demand, driving pricing higher than ever and forcing many nonwovens users to change direction. Higher prices have also been the case with petroleum-based fibers and resins like polyester and polypropylene, which have felt the impact of higher crude oil prices. In these areas, fiber makers are trying to develop innovative products to add value or to allow their customers to achieve more with less.

“The fact is we cannot influence the rising raw material costs and, of course, we must pass these on to our customers,” says Hartmann Huth, chairman business unit staple fibers, Trevira. “Since we are working in a context of global competition, however, the market environment defines the extent to which this is possible. Therefore, we have to manufacture, on the one hand, as effectively and resource-conserving as possible—on the other hand, it is vital that we offer our customers an added value along with our products, which makes us and the customers somewhat independent from raw material price increases at short notice.”

Innovations are coming in many forms in the fiber market. Whether they want something that has had another life as a plastic bottle, an oil-based synthetic substrate that promises uniformity and predictability or something based on natural resources like cotton or rayon, nonwovens producers are using fibers to take them to places they’ve never been before.

Cotton To It

The past couple of years have been a roller coaster of supply and demand for cotton. The fiber’s ties with mother nature have at the same time given it pleasing associations with softness and purity but also tied it heavily to the whims of weather patterns and agricultural trends. At the same time, a longer lifecycle makes it difficult to respond quickly to fickle market demands.

According to Jan O’Regan, supply chain manager for Cotton Incorporated, cotton’s troubles started in the fall of 2008. At that time, it seemed that cotton’s place in the nonwovens industry—particularly for wipes—was solid. Most major nonwovens producers had upgraded their filtration systems to accommodate cotton, a record harvest was on the books and the global economic crisis made demand for cotton in many markets come down. Cotton farmers had a major surplus on their hands.

“These were good times for wipes,” she recalls. “Pricing was low, down in the 50 cents per pound range, cotton could offer companies something new and different and the performance of these products was great.”

However, the global drop in demand led farmers to pull back on cotton in spring 2009, focusing instead on corn and soybeans, meaning that the fall 2009 harvest was small, even though Chinese demand was spiking. This drove cotton prices to record highs, more than $2 per pound, in 2010 and 2011. “The problem with agricultural products is they cannot respond quickly to rapid economic changes,” says O’Regan. “The last year was a rough year to pitch cotton in almost any market, but now we are through it and it’s time to go back and pitch it.”

These pitches will surely be helped by current pricing levels, which are in the high 70 cents per pound range, thanks to an oversupply situation globally. “Cotton is back down to reasonable levels and it will stay there for a while,” says Lawson Gary of TJ Beall. “People who are considering taking cotton out of their products should reconsider because volatility risk is all but gone and consumer preference for cotton is still very high.”

TJ Beall has crossed a number of research and development hurdles that could help cotton branch out into a number of new markets. The company’s Zero Chemical cotton uses a mechanical cleaning process that removes impurities without the use of bleach. Calling it the only natural polymer that can act as a plastic replacement, Gary explains, “This product is hydrophobic so it can be utilized to replace any existing hydrophobic layer in feminine hygiene and diapers, which is absolutely new territory for cotton.”

While cotton is generally thought of as being absorbent, it is actually the chemical treatments—absent in Zero Chemical—that make it hydrophilic. “We use it in its natural state and clean it to the point where it does not have to be bleached,” Gary adds.

While Gary could not be specific, TJ Beall is already close to finalizing a deal to place Zero Chemical into an absorbent hygiene product, but for now the fibers are present in a number of bedding and furniture applications where advantages such as low cost, softness, efficient processing and efficient carding have added to its attractiveness.

George Hargrove, vice president for Barnhardt Manufacturing, a Charlotte, NC-based marketer of bleached cotton, says that cotton has been able to keep its status as a preferred fiber in product ranges in feminine care, baby care and medical devices despite the aberration in prices seen in 2011.

Blaming underreported reverses in China, an embargo on exports of cotton by India and flooding in Pakistan for the pricing spikes, Hargrove agrees use ratios are now beginning to reach levels that have demonstrated lower price points than in the past. “New opportunities for cotton are beginning to surface,” he says. “Retailers and consumer companies recognize the consumer passion for cotton due to their long-term connection with cotton in many of their everyday products.”

He adds, “Markets such as diapers, incontinence products and feminine hygiene products that currently incorporate film or synthetic fibers next to the skin are now open to the integration of cotton nonwoven containing substrates due to performance and consumer preference.”

Barnhardt remains bullish about natural fibers in general and has recently entered into an agreement with NAT to process  Crailar Flax product for downstream customers, including brands such as Hanes, Target, Georgia-Pacific and many others. The appeal of this agreement will allow both Barnhardt and NAT to leverage the synergies of innovation and technology to markets they serve, Barnhardt explains.

“The growth in natural fibers in nonwovens is being driven by the focus on sustainability championed by retailers and consumers.  This has had a domino effect throughout the supply chain pointing everyone toward Natural Fibers. As environmental regulations regarding landfill management and disposability become more pronounced, the demand for biodegradable fibers will continue to escalate, creating opportunities for fibers such as flax, which has been around for centuries. The Crailar technology developed by NAT has created a flax product that can now be utilized commercially in nonwovens.”

Everybody Loves Lenzing

Cellulose-based fibers  have become the darling of the current wipes industry as they offer a very strong sustainability profile  without the pricing volatility recently seen with cotton. The worlds leading producer of Viscose and Tencel—the Lenzing Group headquartered in Austria—has been a trendsetter in this industry for decades and executives are basing its expansion strategy on the theory of the cellulosic gap predicting an increasing demand of cellulose based fibers.

Lenzing’s Viscose and Tencel are used in textile as well as nonwovens application  and the company is strongly committed to the nonwovens industry with approximately 30% of its fibers going into these applications. Beyond the main market of wipes, Lenzings fibers already play a role in  feminine hygiene, medical  and technical  applications and  Lenzing keeps reaching out for new applications such as  beauty masks,  according to Nick Hrinko, nonwovens marketing director US.

“Wipes is the largest market for us and we are currently looking at ways to improve our products’ performance in wiping efficiency and lotion management.  Additionally we  target  new segments,” he says. “We are actually looking   at increasing our presence  in the  hygiene and medical markets and generating new innovative products that fit and provide value in this segment.”

Lenzing has been and continues to  expand its capacity, of both Tencel and Lenzing Viscose globally,  aiming at a fiber capacity of 1.2 million tons in 2015.

Beyond expanding its capacity Lenzing  continues to be  an active partner for the supply chain in several aspects, Hrinko adds. “We are  engaged  in  identify ing  ways to help our supply chain becoming more of a value added partner to their customers. We believe that our customers play a major role in  the choice of the fiber components of a fabric and it is our aim to provide them with information relevant for their choice,” he says.  “Consumers are trying to make correct  purchasing decisions but indicate a lack of information on how to make the right choice. We are trying to fill that gap with information based on certifications.”

Hrinko explains. “The mega trends are with us, sustainability is taking on a more serious role in major consumer companies as well as  with  consumers. We are  able to offer our customers  third  party  certifications as consumer want more transparency in how a product is made and what it contains.”

Tencel, one of Lenzing’s botanical fibers made from the natural raw material wood, has  recently earned the right to bear the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) biobased product label, showing potential customers that the cellulose-based fiber meets the requirement of the government’s new BioPreferred program.

The overall purpose of the USDA BioPreferred program is to promote the increased purchase and use of biobased products and is expected to promote economic development, create new jobs and provide new markets for farm commodities in the U.S. It is also intended to reduce petroleum consumption, increase the use of renewable resources and better manage the carbon cycle. Thus, it may contribute to reducing adverse environmental and health impacts.

The award, which has also been earned by cotton maker T.J. Beall means that Lenzing can now use the 100% biobased label to showcase its products’ environmental profile. In February, President Obama signed a memo requiring the federal government to give preference to biobased products when making purchasing decisions. All biobased amount claims are verified by independent labs and monitored by the USDA so consumers can feel secure in the accuracy of the biobased amount being reported.

“The biobased label is latest in a series of third party certifications that Lenzing has received during the last several years,” says Hrinko.  “This certification helps the entire nonwovens supply chain with their choice for certified products as well as to provide the consumer with the assurance that the USDA and other federal agencies stand behind the accuracy of the label claim,” he mentions. “Additionally, this certification is expected to increase domestic demand for renewable resources.”

Synthetics Still Shine

Polyester and polypropylene, both synthetic, oil-based fibers, have had significant roles in nonwovens for a long time. Polyester has a strong place in many industrial areas like bedding and fiberfill, construction and roofing markets and automotives and is even penetrating disposable areas like floor cleaning cloths and wipes. At the same time, polypropylene enjoys a solid place in the hygiene market where it is often the preferred choice in many diaper applications.

While these two materials don’t enjoy the same status as natural fibers when  it comes to environmental concerns, executives say these synthetics do have a green story.

Currently, about one-third of the molecules present in polyester are based on bio materials and there are a lot of projects underway for the other two-thirds of the molecules, explains Mark Ruday, vice president of DAK Americas’ fiber division. “Polyester has the potential to be very sustainable in the future as advancements are made in the technology. Also, it’s very recyclable which is something that is very important.”

While polyester has faced some challenges—like the economic slowdown and Chinese competition—in fiberfill applications, much of DAK’s business is in floor cleaning cloths, like Swiffer, and in acquisition/distribution layers in diapers, businesses that have been able to remain stable in spite of economic volatility.

Polyester supplier Trevira offers fibers for airlaid, wetlaid spunlace and carding technologies and is focusing on growing in markets like hygiene and filtration. Like DAK, sustainability continues to be a high priority for the German company, something it is achieving through the development of products made from biopolymers as well as through the incorporation of recycled materials.

“We notice a general trend towards ‘greener’ products,” says the company’s Huth. “This is limited, however, by the fact that the product has to show the same quality and performance as the conventional one, and should possibly not cost more. This makes it of course difficult to substitute current products by more sustainable solutions.”

For Trevira, the key to success in the international competition is a high flexibility and a great product variety. This begins with the raw material. The option to offer custom-made fibers via raw material modifications plays a vital role here. “As a typical example I would like to mention permanently flame-resistant polyester fibers,” Huth adds. “When we process the various raw materials in our diversified production, we can manufacture homopolymer fibers, hollow fibers, bicomponent fibers, spun-dyed fibers, long- and short-staple fibers.”

Meanwhile, polypropylene has focused on developments that lower the amount of materials needed per unit, improving not only the green profile but the cost efficiency of the final product. “Customers are definitely looking for more sustainable solutions and PP fibers can be a major part of these solutions,” says Karena Cancilleri, director of Hygiene Products, FiberVisions. “The approach taken by FiberVisions and ES Fibervisions is to develop higher-performing products that make the final consumer end product more sustainable. For example, efforts to reduce basis weight leads to products that use less material and ultimately require fewer resources. Furthermore, PP itself is a polymer with low greenhouse gas emissions and low energy consumption to produce.”

Some examples of Fibervisions’ innovations in recent years include: PP/PET and PE/PET bicomponent fibers for various airlaid and carded applications, special finish for airlaid fibers that reduces dusting in nonwovens containing fluff pulp, eccentric core PE/PP bicomponent fibers for enhanced bulk in air through bonded nonwovens, soft and fine PP fibers for carded spunlace nonwovens for wipes and sanitary applications, fine PP fibers for carded thermal bond applications and monocomponent PE binder fibers for binding natural and recycled materials for insulation and similar high loft materials.

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