Easily logo Printing with Non-Woven PP Shopping Bags

Polypropylene nonwoven is supported by the textile world. What gives this material versatility and low cost. Is it really green? It is a recyclable material used to make bags of quality, low cost along with printing logos.

Non-woven polypropylene bags make great promotional products because the non woven material is easy to color, which gives companies a large number of color choices. They are also very affordable, and easy to print on. People will use these bags, which is another reason they are good for a promotional product campaign. Rather than using a redundant element that most people will throw away, reusable shopping bags with printed business logos will give companies greater exposure. Consumers welcome the companies that are environmentally conscious.

So what exactly is Polypropylene Non Woven Fabric? Let’s start by explaining what it means to have a woven fabric. Cotton, which is a natural fiber growth is spun together for very long pieces. These long pieces are placed one above the other as basket weaving. Hence the expression of “woven.” So when a substance is considered non-woven, it just means that it is not made of laced strands on the other. Instead, non-woven fabric is made from a type of plastic and pressed very thin in terms of substance.

Now, what is non woven polypropylene? This is a plastic polymer, whose chemical composition is C3H6. The advantages of this type of plastic is the high melting point, compared with many other plastics. This gives the material a washable feature and provides heat to melt the ink and transfers heat to the fabric for logo printing. Polypropylene can also be easily dyed, which explains why this material is very popular for making reusable shopping bags.

Sunshine is professional non woven manufacturer, if any need, welcome to contact us.

About Nonwovens

About Nonwovens

What is Nonwoven Fabric?

Nonwoven fabrics are broadly defined as sheet or web structures bonded together by entangling fiber or filaments (and by perforating films) mechanically, thermally, or chemically. They are flat, porous sheets that are made directly from separate fibers or from molten plastic or plastic film. They are not made by weaving or knitting and do not require converting the fibers to yarn.

Sunshine Nonwovens! Video

How is Nonwoven Fabric used?

Beyond simple definitions, these engineered fabrics open up a world of innovative possibilities for all types of industries.

Nonwovens may be a limited-life, single-use fabric or a very durable fabric. Nonwoven fabrics provide specific functions such as absorbency, liquid repellency, resilience, stretch, softness, strength, flame retardancy, washability, cushioning, filtering, bacterial barriers and sterility. These properties are often combined to create fabrics suited for specific jobs while achieving a good balance between product use-life and cost. They can mimic the appearance, texture and strength of a woven fabric, and can be as bulky as the thickest paddings.

Following are just a few of the properties that can be attained using nonwoven fabrics:

  • Absorbency
  • Bacterial barrier
  • Cushioning
  • Filtering
  • Flame retardancy
  • Liquid repellency
  • Resilience
  • Softness
  • Sterility
  • Strength
  • Stretch
  • Washability

Today, innovations in nonwoven fabrics are growing as rapidly as the demand for them, with almost unlimited possibilities for a wide variety of industries, including:

  • Agricultural coverings
  • Agricultural seed strips
  • Apparel linings
  • Automotive headliners
  • Automotive upholstery
  • Carpeting
  • Civil engineering fabrics
  • Civil engineering geotextiles
  • Disposable diapers
  • Envelopes
  • Filters
  • House wraps
  • Household & personal wipes
  • Hygiene products
  • Insulation
  • Labels
  • Laundry aids
  • Roofing
  • Sterile medical-use products
  • Tags
  • Upholstery
  • Wall coverings


How to produce Nonwovens

How to produce Nonwovens

Nonwovens emerged from the textile, paper, plastic and leather industries and a separate, innovative and completely flexible industry has evolved.

As the demand for nonwovens has steadily increased, it has been met by the technology and ingenuity of raw materials and equipment suppliers, and nonwoven producers and converters.

A precise definition of nonwovens is that adopted by the International Standards Organisation – ISO 9092:1988 and by the European Committee for Normalisation (CEN) – EN 29092.

The production of nonwovens can be described as taking place in three stages, although modern technology allows an overlapping of the stages, and in some cases all three stages can take place at the same time.

The three stages are:

  • Web Formation
  • Web Bonding
  • Finishing Treatments

The opportunity to combine different raw materials and different techniques accounts for the diversity of the industry and its products. This diversity is enhanced by the ability to engineer nonwovens to have specific properties and to perform specific tasks.

Web Formation


Nonwoven manufacture starts by the arrangement of fibres in a sheet or web. The fibres can be staple fibres packed in bales, or filaments extruded from molten polymer granules.

Four basic methods are used to form a web, and nonwovens are usually referred to by one of these methods:

  • Drylaid
  • Spunlaid
  • Wetlaid
  • Other techniques


There are two methods of drylaying:

  • carding
  • airlaying

Carding is a mechanical process which starts with the opening of bales of fibres which are blended and conveyed to the next stage by air transport. They are then combed into a web by a carding machine, which is a rotating drum or series of drums covered in fine wires or teeth. The precise configuration of cards will depend on the fabric weight and fibre orientation required. The web can be parallel-laid, where most of the fibres are laid in the direction of the web travel, or they can be random-laid. Typical parallel-laid carded webs result in good tensile strength, low elongation and low tear strength in the machine direction and the reverse in the cross direction. Relative speeds and web composition can be varied to produce a wide range of properties.

In airlaying, the fibres, which can be very short, are fed into an air stream and from there to a moving belt or perforated drum, where they form a randomly oriented web. Compared with carded webs, airlaid webs have a lower density, a greater softness and an absence of laminar structure. Airlaid webs offer great versatility in terms of the fibres and fibre blends that can be used.


In this process polymer granules are melted and molten polymer is extruded through spinnerets. The continuous filaments are cooled and deposited on to a conveyor to form a uniform web. Some remaining temperature can cause filaments to adhere to one another, but this cannot be regarded as the principal method of bonding. The spunlaid process (sometimes known as spunbonded) has the advantage of giving nonwovens greater strength, but raw material flexibility is more restricted.

Co-extrusion of second components is used in several spunlaid processes, usually to provide extra properties or bonding capabilities.


A dilute slurry of water and fibres is deposited on a moving wire screen and drained to form a web. The web is further dewatered, consolidated, by pressing between rollers, and dried. Impregnation with binders is often included in a later stage of the process.

Wetlaid web-forming allows a wide range of fibre orientations ranging from near random to near parallel. The strength of the random oriented web is rather similar in all directions in the plane of the fabric. A wide range of natural, mineral, synthetic and man-made fibres of varying lengths can be used.

Other techniques

This includes a group of specialised technologies, in which the fibre production, web structure and bonding usually occur at the same time and in the same place.

In meltblown web formation, low viscosity polymers are extruded into a high velocity airstream on leaving the spinneret. This scatters the melt, solidifies it and breaks it up into a fibrous web.

Flash spun webs are made by dissolving a polymer in a suitable solvent and then spraying it into a vessel held at reduced pressure. The solvent evaporates, or flashes off, leaving a cloud of fibres, which are collected and bonded. Other variants of in situ web forming techniques include different methods of fibrillation and the use of complex rotating dies.

Processes are emerging where two or more web forming techniques are used in tandem. The spunlaid/meltblown process is an example, where one or more meltblown webs and spunlaid webs are combined.

Web Bonding


Webs, other than spunlaid, have little strength in their unbonded form. The web must therefore be consolidated in some way. This is effected by bonding, a vital step in the production of nonwovens. The choice of method is at least as important to ultimate functional properties as the type of fibre in the web.

There are three basic types of bonding:

  • Chemical
  • Thermal
  • Mechanical

Chemical bonding (adhesion bonding)

Chemical bonding mainly refers to the application of a liquid based bonding agent to the web. Three groups of materials are commonly used as binders-acrylate polymers and copolymers, styrene-butadiene copolymers and vinyl acetate ethylene copolymers. Water based binder systems are the most widely used but powdered adhesives, foam and in some cases organic solvent solutions are also found.

There are many ways of applying the binder. It can be applied uniformly by impregnating, coating or spraying or intermittently, as in print bonding. Print bonding is used when specific patterns are required and where it is necessary to have the majority of fibres free of binder for functional reasons.

Thermal bonding (cohesion bonding)

This method uses the thermoplastic properties of certain synthetic fibres to form bonds under controlled heating. In some cases the web fibre itself can be used, but more often a low melt fibre or bicomponent fibre is introduced at the web formation stage to perform the binding function later in the process.

There are several thermal bonding systems in use:

Calendering uses heat and high pressure applied through rollers to weld the fibre webs together at speed.

Through-air thermal bonding makes bulkier products by the overall bonding of a web containing low melting fibres. This takes place in a carefully controlled hot air stream.

Drum and blanket systems apply pressure and heat to make products of average bulk.

Sonic bonding takes place when the molecules of the fibres held under a patterned roller are excited by high frequency energy which produces internal heating and softening of the fibres.

Mechanical bonding (friction bonding)

In mechanical bonding the strengthening of the web is achieved by inter-fibre friction as a result of the physical entanglement of the fibres.

There are two types of mechanical bonding:

  • needlepunching
  • hydro-entanglement

Needlepunching can be used on most fibre types. Specially designed needles are pushed and pulled through the web to entangle the fibres. Webs of different characteristics can be needled together to produce a gradation of properties difficult to achieve by other means.

Hydroentanglement is mainly applied to carded or wetlaid webs and uses fine, high pressure jets of water to cause the fibres to interlace. Hydroentanglement is sometimes known as spunlacing, as the arrangement of jets can give a wide variety of aesthetically pleasing effects. The water jet pressure used has a direct bearing on the strength of the web, but system design also plays a part.

Finishing Treatments


There is an opportunity to meet the needs of the customer even more precisely by modifying or adding to existing properties. A variety of different chemical substances can be employed before or after binding, or various mechanical processes can be applied to the nonwoven after binding.

Nonwovens can be made conductive, flame retardant, water repellent, porous, antistatic, breathable, absorbent and so on – the list is a very long one. They can also, for example, be coated, printed, flocked or dyed, and can be combined with other materials to form complex laminates.



The nonwoven fabric is now complete and in a roll. Converters can take it a stage nearer its final form by slitting, cutting, folding, sewing or heat sealing.

In this way, the quality, properties and size of the converted nonwoven products can be further tailored to the precise needs of the customer, and the tasks to be performed in an impressively broad range of end-uses.

Flexing with Innovation In Nonwoven Fibers

In nonwovens, there seems to be two things on everyone’s minds—costs and environmental impact of the final product—and fiber suppliers are addressing both of these issues with a range of new products.When it comes to costs, fiber suppliers are generally guided by the economic principles of supply and demand. This dependence rocked the cotton market last year when lower supply could not keep up with demand, driving pricing higher than ever and forcing many nonwovens users to change direction. Higher prices have also been the case with petroleum-based fibers and resins like polyester and polypropylene, which have felt the impact of higher crude oil prices. In these areas, fiber makers are trying to develop innovative products to add value or to allow their customers to achieve more with less.

“The fact is we cannot influence the rising raw material costs and, of course, we must pass these on to our customers,” says Hartmann Huth, chairman business unit staple fibers, Trevira. “Since we are working in a context of global competition, however, the market environment defines the extent to which this is possible. Therefore, we have to manufacture, on the one hand, as effectively and resource-conserving as possible—on the other hand, it is vital that we offer our customers an added value along with our products, which makes us and the customers somewhat independent from raw material price increases at short notice.”

Innovations are coming in many forms in the fiber market. Whether they want something that has had another life as a plastic bottle, an oil-based synthetic substrate that promises uniformity and predictability or something based on natural resources like cotton or rayon, nonwovens producers are using fibers to take them to places they’ve never been before.

Cotton To It

The past couple of years have been a roller coaster of supply and demand for cotton. The fiber’s ties with mother nature have at the same time given it pleasing associations with softness and purity but also tied it heavily to the whims of weather patterns and agricultural trends. At the same time, a longer lifecycle makes it difficult to respond quickly to fickle market demands.

According to Jan O’Regan, supply chain manager for Cotton Incorporated, cotton’s troubles started in the fall of 2008. At that time, it seemed that cotton’s place in the nonwovens industry—particularly for wipes—was solid. Most major nonwovens producers had upgraded their filtration systems to accommodate cotton, a record harvest was on the books and the global economic crisis made demand for cotton in many markets come down. Cotton farmers had a major surplus on their hands.

“These were good times for wipes,” she recalls. “Pricing was low, down in the 50 cents per pound range, cotton could offer companies something new and different and the performance of these products was great.”

However, the global drop in demand led farmers to pull back on cotton in spring 2009, focusing instead on corn and soybeans, meaning that the fall 2009 harvest was small, even though Chinese demand was spiking. This drove cotton prices to record highs, more than $2 per pound, in 2010 and 2011. “The problem with agricultural products is they cannot respond quickly to rapid economic changes,” says O’Regan. “The last year was a rough year to pitch cotton in almost any market, but now we are through it and it’s time to go back and pitch it.”

These pitches will surely be helped by current pricing levels, which are in the high 70 cents per pound range, thanks to an oversupply situation globally. “Cotton is back down to reasonable levels and it will stay there for a while,” says Lawson Gary of TJ Beall. “People who are considering taking cotton out of their products should reconsider because volatility risk is all but gone and consumer preference for cotton is still very high.”

TJ Beall has crossed a number of research and development hurdles that could help cotton branch out into a number of new markets. The company’s Zero Chemical cotton uses a mechanical cleaning process that removes impurities without the use of bleach. Calling it the only natural polymer that can act as a plastic replacement, Gary explains, “This product is hydrophobic so it can be utilized to replace any existing hydrophobic layer in feminine hygiene and diapers, which is absolutely new territory for cotton.”

While cotton is generally thought of as being absorbent, it is actually the chemical treatments—absent in Zero Chemical—that make it hydrophilic. “We use it in its natural state and clean it to the point where it does not have to be bleached,” Gary adds.

While Gary could not be specific, TJ Beall is already close to finalizing a deal to place Zero Chemical into an absorbent hygiene product, but for now the fibers are present in a number of bedding and furniture applications where advantages such as low cost, softness, efficient processing and efficient carding have added to its attractiveness.

George Hargrove, vice president for Barnhardt Manufacturing, a Charlotte, NC-based marketer of bleached cotton, says that cotton has been able to keep its status as a preferred fiber in product ranges in feminine care, baby care and medical devices despite the aberration in prices seen in 2011.

Blaming underreported reverses in China, an embargo on exports of cotton by India and flooding in Pakistan for the pricing spikes, Hargrove agrees use ratios are now beginning to reach levels that have demonstrated lower price points than in the past. “New opportunities for cotton are beginning to surface,” he says. “Retailers and consumer companies recognize the consumer passion for cotton due to their long-term connection with cotton in many of their everyday products.”

He adds, “Markets such as diapers, incontinence products and feminine hygiene products that currently incorporate film or synthetic fibers next to the skin are now open to the integration of cotton nonwoven containing substrates due to performance and consumer preference.”

Barnhardt remains bullish about natural fibers in general and has recently entered into an agreement with NAT to process  Crailar Flax product for downstream customers, including brands such as Hanes, Target, Georgia-Pacific and many others. The appeal of this agreement will allow both Barnhardt and NAT to leverage the synergies of innovation and technology to markets they serve, Barnhardt explains.

“The growth in natural fibers in nonwovens is being driven by the focus on sustainability championed by retailers and consumers.  This has had a domino effect throughout the supply chain pointing everyone toward Natural Fibers. As environmental regulations regarding landfill management and disposability become more pronounced, the demand for biodegradable fibers will continue to escalate, creating opportunities for fibers such as flax, which has been around for centuries. The Crailar technology developed by NAT has created a flax product that can now be utilized commercially in nonwovens.”

Everybody Loves Lenzing

Cellulose-based fibers  have become the darling of the current wipes industry as they offer a very strong sustainability profile  without the pricing volatility recently seen with cotton. The worlds leading producer of Viscose and Tencel—the Lenzing Group headquartered in Austria—has been a trendsetter in this industry for decades and executives are basing its expansion strategy on the theory of the cellulosic gap predicting an increasing demand of cellulose based fibers.

Lenzing’s Viscose and Tencel are used in textile as well as nonwovens application  and the company is strongly committed to the nonwovens industry with approximately 30% of its fibers going into these applications. Beyond the main market of wipes, Lenzings fibers already play a role in  feminine hygiene, medical  and technical  applications and  Lenzing keeps reaching out for new applications such as  beauty masks,  according to Nick Hrinko, nonwovens marketing director US.

“Wipes is the largest market for us and we are currently looking at ways to improve our products’ performance in wiping efficiency and lotion management.  Additionally we  target  new segments,” he says. “We are actually looking   at increasing our presence  in the  hygiene and medical markets and generating new innovative products that fit and provide value in this segment.”

Lenzing has been and continues to  expand its capacity, of both Tencel and Lenzing Viscose globally,  aiming at a fiber capacity of 1.2 million tons in 2015.

Beyond expanding its capacity Lenzing  continues to be  an active partner for the supply chain in several aspects, Hrinko adds. “We are  engaged  in  identify ing  ways to help our supply chain becoming more of a value added partner to their customers. We believe that our customers play a major role in  the choice of the fiber components of a fabric and it is our aim to provide them with information relevant for their choice,” he says.  “Consumers are trying to make correct  purchasing decisions but indicate a lack of information on how to make the right choice. We are trying to fill that gap with information based on certifications.”

Hrinko explains. “The mega trends are with us, sustainability is taking on a more serious role in major consumer companies as well as  with  consumers. We are  able to offer our customers  third  party  certifications as consumer want more transparency in how a product is made and what it contains.”

Tencel, one of Lenzing’s botanical fibers made from the natural raw material wood, has  recently earned the right to bear the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) biobased product label, showing potential customers that the cellulose-based fiber meets the requirement of the government’s new BioPreferred program.

The overall purpose of the USDA BioPreferred program is to promote the increased purchase and use of biobased products and is expected to promote economic development, create new jobs and provide new markets for farm commodities in the U.S. It is also intended to reduce petroleum consumption, increase the use of renewable resources and better manage the carbon cycle. Thus, it may contribute to reducing adverse environmental and health impacts.

The award, which has also been earned by cotton maker T.J. Beall means that Lenzing can now use the 100% biobased label to showcase its products’ environmental profile. In February, President Obama signed a memo requiring the federal government to give preference to biobased products when making purchasing decisions. All biobased amount claims are verified by independent labs and monitored by the USDA so consumers can feel secure in the accuracy of the biobased amount being reported.

“The biobased label is latest in a series of third party certifications that Lenzing has received during the last several years,” says Hrinko.  “This certification helps the entire nonwovens supply chain with their choice for certified products as well as to provide the consumer with the assurance that the USDA and other federal agencies stand behind the accuracy of the label claim,” he mentions. “Additionally, this certification is expected to increase domestic demand for renewable resources.”

Synthetics Still Shine

Polyester and polypropylene, both synthetic, oil-based fibers, have had significant roles in nonwovens for a long time. Polyester has a strong place in many industrial areas like bedding and fiberfill, construction and roofing markets and automotives and is even penetrating disposable areas like floor cleaning cloths and wipes. At the same time, polypropylene enjoys a solid place in the hygiene market where it is often the preferred choice in many diaper applications.

While these two materials don’t enjoy the same status as natural fibers when  it comes to environmental concerns, executives say these synthetics do have a green story.

Currently, about one-third of the molecules present in polyester are based on bio materials and there are a lot of projects underway for the other two-thirds of the molecules, explains Mark Ruday, vice president of DAK Americas’ fiber division. “Polyester has the potential to be very sustainable in the future as advancements are made in the technology. Also, it’s very recyclable which is something that is very important.”

While polyester has faced some challenges—like the economic slowdown and Chinese competition—in fiberfill applications, much of DAK’s business is in floor cleaning cloths, like Swiffer, and in acquisition/distribution layers in diapers, businesses that have been able to remain stable in spite of economic volatility.

Polyester supplier Trevira offers fibers for airlaid, wetlaid spunlace and carding technologies and is focusing on growing in markets like hygiene and filtration. Like DAK, sustainability continues to be a high priority for the German company, something it is achieving through the development of products made from biopolymers as well as through the incorporation of recycled materials.

“We notice a general trend towards ‘greener’ products,” says the company’s Huth. “This is limited, however, by the fact that the product has to show the same quality and performance as the conventional one, and should possibly not cost more. This makes it of course difficult to substitute current products by more sustainable solutions.”

For Trevira, the key to success in the international competition is a high flexibility and a great product variety. This begins with the raw material. The option to offer custom-made fibers via raw material modifications plays a vital role here. “As a typical example I would like to mention permanently flame-resistant polyester fibers,” Huth adds. “When we process the various raw materials in our diversified production, we can manufacture homopolymer fibers, hollow fibers, bicomponent fibers, spun-dyed fibers, long- and short-staple fibers.”

Meanwhile, polypropylene has focused on developments that lower the amount of materials needed per unit, improving not only the green profile but the cost efficiency of the final product. “Customers are definitely looking for more sustainable solutions and PP fibers can be a major part of these solutions,” says Karena Cancilleri, director of Hygiene Products, FiberVisions. “The approach taken by FiberVisions and ES Fibervisions is to develop higher-performing products that make the final consumer end product more sustainable. For example, efforts to reduce basis weight leads to products that use less material and ultimately require fewer resources. Furthermore, PP itself is a polymer with low greenhouse gas emissions and low energy consumption to produce.”

Some examples of Fibervisions’ innovations in recent years include: PP/PET and PE/PET bicomponent fibers for various airlaid and carded applications, special finish for airlaid fibers that reduces dusting in nonwovens containing fluff pulp, eccentric core PE/PP bicomponent fibers for enhanced bulk in air through bonded nonwovens, soft and fine PP fibers for carded spunlace nonwovens for wipes and sanitary applications, fine PP fibers for carded thermal bond applications and monocomponent PE binder fibers for binding natural and recycled materials for insulation and similar high loft materials.

We are nonwoven manufacturer specializing in making pp spunbond nonwoven fabric, any need, pls feel free to contact us.

How to use landscape fabric

How to use landscape fabric

Landscape fabric works as a barrier so that weeds won’t grow in your flowerbed. Landscape fabric also allows water air, and nutrients to penetrate your soil, helping your plants or flowers grow easier. Read on to learn how to use landscaping fabric.

1. Prepare the soil and roll out the fabric on the raked bed. Place the plants on to the fabric and  cut a cross making sure it is no larger than the diameter of the top of the plant pot.


2. Fold the four corners underneath and dig a planting hole, use a bucket to put the soil into as you work. This stops you leaving soil on the fabric, which could result in weeds germinating on the surface.

3. After planting ease the corners of the fabric around the plant. Firm the area down, water thoroughly and cover with about50mmlayer of bark, cocoa shells, decorative stone chippings, gravel or straw.



  •  For use in landscaping areas.Helps suppress weeds thus reducing maintenance
  •  Ideal for creating low maintenance areas, hlping new plants to esstablish and keeping them healthy


  • It is important to remove existing grass and weeds by hand, or with a systemic weed killer.                                           
  • Also remove any sharp stones or other debris which could puncture the material.
  • If surface weeds germinate in the mulch cover remove by hand, or with a contact weed killer before they have time to establish.
  • To ensure effective weed suppression make sure mulch depth is maintained to a minimum depth of50mm.  
  • This fabric is not suitable for use under turf.    


  • Bark borders, paths and fruit areas                                                                                                                  
  • Patios. 
  • Timber decking.                                                                                                             
  • Gravel paths and gardens.    



Spunbonded nonwovens technological industry

Spunbond is the most important and widely used method in meltspinning nonwovens production. Applying the spinning principle of chemical fiber, the polymer turned into continuous filament by melting and spinning. The web formed by the filaments is bonded by the mechanical, chemic or thermbonding method. The spunbond process is short and efficient, having considerable cost advantage mass production. And the physics mechanical performance of the spunbonded nonwovens, such as the tensile, the elongation, and the tensile ratio of CD and MD is superior to other products. Spunbonded nonwovens products are applied to varies fields, such as apparel, decorative material, health care material, geotextile and material for agriculture, etc. So the PP spunbonded nonwovens products have extensive market.

Spunbonded nonwovens technological industry originated from the 1960′s. The early Spunbonded equipment cost and the energy consumption were high while the fiber denier, the web uniformity and product efficiency were not satisfying. Since the 1990′s, the world Spunbonded technology tended to the micro-fiber, multicomponent, multi-polymer spinning and the process combination. The Spunbonded nonwoven have got a significant development taking the advantage of the increasing output and the reducing cost.

Agriculture nonwoven fabric

  • Agricultural nonwoven fabric

Plants need special protection against unfavourable weather conditions to develop well and to yield rich crops. To create a proper microclimate with moderately higher temperatures and relative air humidity and to protect them against frost and water loss in winter it is enough to use one of the broad range of agricultural non-woven fabrics for covering plants. The effect? Earlier crops, greater yield and higher quality of the plants.


  • to protect plants in horticulture, vegetable gardening and fruit farming
  • in floriculture, garden and forest nurseries
  • as a protection against heat loss in greenhouses and garden tunnels
  • for winter protection of plants against frost and water loss
  • as soil bedding (black agricultural non-woven fabric)


  • durable, light, resistant
  • environmentally friendly
  • high air and water permeability
  • high resistance to UV radiation
  • effective protection against unfavourable weather conditions i
  • protection against birds and rodents
  • possibility of using it for several years
  • easy to install
  • strengthened edge
  • broad range of sizes.